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2011 Standard 4 - Bibliography

Assessment of and for Student Learning
 

1. The professional staff continuously employs a formal process to assess whole-school and individual student progress in achieving the school’s 21st century learning expectations based on specific and measurable criteria for success, such as school-wide analytic rubrics.

Arter, Judy.  Performance Criteria: Integrating Assessment and Instruction.  The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.24.

Connell, James P., and Adena M. Klem.  First Things First: A Framework for Successful Secondary School Reform.  New Directions for Youth Development. n111 p53-66 Fall 2006. To purchase online access to article: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/113490754/issue.

Guskey, Thomas R.  How Classroom Assessments Improve Learning.  Educational Leadership. February 2003 | Volume 60 | Number 5. p6-11. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/feb03
/vol60/num05/How_Classroom_Assessments_Improve_Learning.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Huebner,Tracy A., and Grace Calisi Corbett. Rethinking High School: Preparing Students for Success in College, Career, and Life. West Ed for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.wested.org/online_pubs/gf-07-02.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Levy, Holli M.  Meeting the Needs of All Students through Differentiated Instruction: Helping Every Child Reach and Exceed Standards.  Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, v81 n4 p161-164 Mar-Apr 2008.

Marzano, Robert. Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Marzano, Robert. The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Instruction. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

McDonald, S., J. Andal, K. Brown, and B. Schneider. Getting the evidence for evidence-based initiatives: how the Midwest states use data systems to improve education processes and outcomes (Issues & Answers Report, REL 2007-No. 016). Washington, DC: Department of Education, Institute of Eduation Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Education Laboratory Midwest, June, 2007.
Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/edlabs. (accessed July 2009)

National Association of Secondary School Principals. Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for Leading High School Reform. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals, 2004. To order online: http://www.principals.org.

National High School Center. Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. National High School Center, July 2008. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/NHSCEightElements7-25-08.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Rhodes, David et al. Getting to Results: Student Outcomes in New and Redesigned High Schools. Prepared by the National Evaluation of High School Transformation for the Bill & Malinda Gates Foundation, 2005. Retrieved from http://www.gatesfoundation.org/learning/Documents/Outcomes%20Rpt%2010_21.pdf. (accessed July 2009).

Rutherford, Paula. Instruction for All Students. Alexandria, VA; Just ASK Publications, 2008. To order online: http://www.justaskpublications.com.

Schmoker, Michael J. The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Stiggins, Richard J.  Are You Assessment Literate?  The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.20.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann, and Cindy A. Strickland. Differentiation in Practice: A Resource Guide for Differentiating Curriculum, Grades 9–12. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. Fulfilling the Promise of the Differentiated Classroom: Strategies and Tools for Rresponsive Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2003. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wagner, Tony.  Beyond Testing: The Seven Disciplines for Strengthening Instruction.  School Change Consulting (first published in Education Week, 2003). Must register and login to download pdf file.
Retrieved from http://www.schoolchange.org/articles/beyond_testing.html (accessed July 2009).

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Schooling by Design: Mission, Action, and Achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.
 

2. The school’s professional staff communicates:

• individual student progress in achieving the
  school’s 21st century learning expectations to
  students and their families
• the school’s progress in achieving the school’s
  21st century learning expectations to the school community
 
Danielson,Charlotte. Enhancing Professional Practice: A Framework for Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Dolejs, Chris. Report on Key Practices and Policies of Consistently Higher Performing High Schools. National High School Center at the American Institutes for Research, funded by the U.S. Department of Education, October 2006. Retrieved from
http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/ReportOfKeyPractices
andPolicies_10-31-06.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Hunter-Geboy, Carol et al., ed. Susan Philipson Bloom. A Guide to the Family Advocate System. Institute for Research and Reform in Education. Institute for Research and Reform in Education. 2004. Retrieved from http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/Family_Advocate_System_Guide.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Institute for Research and Reform in Education. First Things First: A Framework for Successful School Reform. Prepared for the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, 2003. http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/white_paper_may_2003.pdf.

Kusimo, Patricia et al. Making Assessment Work for Everyone. Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, 2000. Retrieved from http://www.sedl.org/pubs/tl05/assessment-full.pdf (accessed July 2009).

National Association of Secondary School Principals. Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for Leading High School Reform. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals, 2004. To order online: http://www.principals.org.

National High School Alliance. A Call To Action: Transforming High School for All Youth. Washington DC: The Institute for Educational Leadership, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.hsalliance.org/_downloads/home/Call%20To%
20Action%202005/CalltoAction2005.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National High School Center. Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. National High School Center, July 2008. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/NHSCEightElements
7-25-08.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Schmoker, Michael J. The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

WestEd. Engaging Parents in Education: Lessons From Five Parental Information And Resource Centers. U.S. Department of Education, Office of Innovation and Improvement, June 2007. http://www.edpubs.ed.gov to order online. http://www.ed.gov/admins/comm/parents/parentinvolve/engaging
parents.pdf
(accessed July 2009).
 


3. Professional staff collects, disaggregates, and analyzes data to identify and respond to inequities in student achievement.

Alliance for Excellent Education. High School Teaching for the Twenty-First Century: Preparing Students for College, Issue Brief. Alliance for Excellent Education, September 2007.Retrieved from http://www.all4ed.org/files/HSTeach21st.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Archbald, Doug, and Julia Keleher.  Measuring Conditions and Consequences of Tracking in the High School Curriculum.  American Secondary Education, v36 n2 p26-42 Spr 2008. To subscribe to the printed journal online: http://www.ashland.edu/academics/education/ase/.

Arter, Judy.  Performance Criteria: Integrating Assessment and Instruction.  The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.24.

Brooks, Jacqueline Grennon, and Martin G. Brooks. In Search of Understanding: The Case for ConstructIvist Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 1999. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Burris, Carol Corbett, Ed Wiley, Kevin Welner, and John Murphy.  Accountability, Rigor, and Detracking: Achievement Effects of Embracing a Challenging Curriculum as a Universal Good for All Students.  Teachers College Record. Vol. 110, #3, p. 571-607, March 2008. To order online: http://www.tcrecord.org/Content.asp?ContentID=14614. Member login required.

Council of Chief State School Officers. Educational Leadership Policy Standards: ISLLC 2008 As Adopted by the National Policy Board for Educational Administration. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers, 2008. Retrieved from
http://www.wallacefoundation.org/SiteCollectionDocuments/
WF/Knowledge%20Center/Attachments/PDF/ISLLC%202008.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Dolejs, Chris. Report on Key Practices and Policies of Consistently Higher Performing High Schools. National High School Center at the American Institutes for Research, funded by the U.S. Department of Education, October 2006. Retrieved from
http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/ReportOfKeyPractices
andPolicies_10-31-06.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

DuFour, Richard, Rebecca DuFour, Robert Eaker, and Thomas Many. Learning by Doing: A Handbook for Professional Learning Communities at Work. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree, 2006. To order online: http://www.solution-tree.com.

Erickson, H. Lynn, Stirring the Head, Heart and Soul: Redefining Curriculum, Instruction, and Concept-Based Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Heritage, Margaret, Jinok Kim, Terry P. Vendlinski, and Joan L. Terry. From Evidence to Action: A Seamless Process in Formative Assessment? National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, August 2008 (CREST Report 74).

Hersh, Richard.  Teaching to a Test Worth Teaching To.  College and Work Readiness Assessment. rhhersh@sbcglobal.net.

Hess, Frederick M.  The New Stupid.  Educational Leadership. December 2008/January 2009 | Volume 66 | Number 4. pp 12-27. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/dec08/
vol66/num04/The_New_Stupid.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Huebner,Tracy A., and Grace Calisi Corbett. Rethinking High School: Preparing Students for Success in College, Career, and Life. West Ed for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.wested.org/online_pubs/gf-07-02.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Hunter-Geboy, Carol et al., ed. Susan Philipson Bloom. A Guide to the Family Advocate System. Institute for Research and Reform in Education. Institute for Research and Reform in Education. 2004. Retrieved from http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/Family_Advocate_
System_Guide.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Institute for Research and Reform in Education (IRRE). Mapping of First Things First components to the Gates Foundation Essential Components of Schools. IRRE, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/Mapping_FTF_components_
Gates_Foundation.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Institute for Research and Reform in Education. First Things First: A Framework for Successful School Reform. Prepared for the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, 2003. http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/white_paper_may_
2003.pdf
.

Jerald, Craig D.  Measured Progress: A Report on the High School Reform Movement.  Education Sector, March 2006. Retrieved from http://www.educationsector.org/usr_doc/Measured_
Progress.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Kusimo, Patricia et al. Making Assessment Work for Everyone. Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, 2000. Retrieved from http://www.sedl.org/pubs/tl05/assessment-
full.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Levy, Holli M.  Meeting the Needs of All Students through Differentiated Instruction: Helping Every Child Reach and Exceed Standards.  Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, v81 n4 p161-164 Mar-Apr 2008.

Loughridge, Mary E., and Loren R.Tarantino. Leading Effective Secondary School Reform: Your Guide to Strategies that Work. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2004. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Marzano, Robert. Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

McDonald, S., J. Andal, K. Brown, and B. Schneider. Getting the evidence for evidence-based initiatives: how the Midwest states use data systems to improve education processes and outcomes (Issues & Answers Report, REL 2007-No. 016). Washington, DC: Department of Education, Institute of Eduation Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Education Laboratory Midwest, June, 2007. Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/edlabs. (accessed July 2009)

National Association of Secondary School Principals. Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for Leading High School Reform. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals, 2004. To order online: http://www.principals.org.

National High School Alliance. A Call To Action: Transforming High School for All Youth. Washington DC: The Institute for Educational Leadership, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.hsalliance.org/_downloads/home/Call%20To%20Action%202005/
CalltoAction2005.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National High School Center. Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. National High School Center, July 2008. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/NHSCEightElements
7-25-08.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National Staff Development Council.  Examining Evidence.  JSD: The Journal of the National Staff Development Council. Fall 2008. Vol 29, No 4. To order online: http://www.nsdc.org.

Oliver, Bruce.  Common Assessments: Uncommon Results. Just for the Asking. Volume V Issue XI, November 2008.
Retrieved from https://www.lex5.k12.sc.us/webpages/tcosby/files/common
assessment.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Popham, W. James.  All About Assessment / Anchoring Down the Data.  Educational Leadership. December 2008/January 2009 | Volume 66 | Number 4. pp 85-86. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/dec08/
vol66/num04/Anchoring_Down_the_Data.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Reeves, Douglas B. Reframing Teacher Leadership to Improve Your School. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Schmoker, Michael J. The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann, and Cindy A. Strickland. Differentiation in Practice: A Resource Guide for Differentiating Curriculum, Grades 9–12. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.
Tomlinson, Carol Ann. Fulfilling the Promise of the Differentiated Classroom: Strategies and Tools for Rresponsive Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2003. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed-Ability Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wagner, Tony, and Robert Kegan, et al. Change Leadership: A Practical Guide to Transforming our Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2006. To order online: http://www.schoolchange.org/books/.

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Schooling by Design: Mission, Action, and Achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wormeli, Rick. Differentiation: From Planning to Practice Grades 6–12. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers, 2007. To order onlin: http://www.stenhouse.com.

Wylie, E. Caroline. Formative Assessment: Examples of Practice. Council of Chief State School Officers, 2008. To download pdf file: http://www.ccsso.org/publications/index.cfm?init=1.

 

4. Prior to each unit of study, teachers communicate to students the school’s applicable 21st century learning expectations and related unit-specific learning goals to be assessed.

Black, Paul, and Dylan Wiliam.  Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment.  Phi Delta Kappan International, 1998. Retrieved from http://www.pdkintl.org/kappan/kbla9810.html.

Erickson, H. Lynn, Stirring the Head, Heart and Soul: Redefining Curriculum, Instruction, and Concept-Based Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Guskey, Thomas R.  Formative Classroom Assessment and Benjamin S. Bloom: Theory, Research, and Implications.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_
storage_01/0000019b/80/1b/c1/35.pdf
(12 pages).

Hersh, Richard.  Teaching to a Test Worth Teaching To.  College and Work Readiness Assessment. rhhersh@sbcglobal.net.

Leahy, Siobhan et al. Classroom Assessment Minute-by-Minute, Day-by-Day. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/nov05/
vol63/num03/Classroom_Assessment@_Minute_by_Minute,_Day_
by_Day.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

National Association of Secondary School Principals. Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for Leading High School Reform. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals, 2004. To order online: http://www.principals.org.

National High School Alliance. A Call To Action: Transforming High School for All Youth. Washington DC: The Institute for Educational Leadership, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.hsalliance.org/_downloads/home/Call%20To%
20Action%202005/CalltoAction2005.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Map: Social Studies. Learning and Thinking Skills: Social Studies. 21st Century Skills, Aug. 2007. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/images/stories/matrices/
ICTmap_ss.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Assessment, a Partnership for 21st Century Skills e-paper, 21st Century Skills, 2007. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/documents/21st_century_skills_
assessment.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Map: English. 21 Century Skills, Nov. 2008. Retrieved from
http://www.p21.org/documents/21st_century_skills_
english_map.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Map: Social Studies. 21st Century Skills, Nov. 2008. Retrieved fromhttp://www.p21.org

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Professional Development, a Partnership for 21st Century Skills e-paper, 21st Century Skills, 2007. Retrieved from
http://www.p21.org/documents/21st_century_skills_
professional_development.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Schmoker, Michael J. The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann, and Cindy A. Strickland. Differentiation in Practice: A Resource Guide for Differentiating Curriculum, Grades 9–12. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. Fulfilling the Promise of the Differentiated Classroom: Strategies and Tools for Responsive Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2003. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed-Ability Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wagner, Tony, and Robert Kegan, et al. Change Leadership: A Practical Guide to Transforming our Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2006. To order online: http://www.schoolchange.org/books/.

Wagner, Tony.  Beyond Testing: The Seven Disciplines for Strengthening Instruction.  School Change Consulting (first published in Education Week, 2003). Must register and login to download pdf file. Retrieved from http://www.schoolchange.org/articles/beyond_testing.html (accessed July 2009).

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Schooling by Design: Mission, Action, and Achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant.  Assessment as Feedback.  New Horizons For Learning, March 2004. Retrieved from http://www.newhorizons.org.
http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/assess/
wiggins.htm
(accessed July 2009).

Wormeli, Rick. Differentiation: From Planning to Practice Grades 6–12. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers, 2007. To order onlin: http://www.stenhouse.com.

Zmuda, Allison, and Mary Tomaino. A Contract for the High School Classroom.  Educational Leadership. March 1999 | Volume 56 | Number 6 . Pp59-61. To order on-line: http://www.docstoc.com/docs/18257516/A-CONTRACT-for-the-HIGH-SCHOOL-CLASSROOM (accessed July 2009).


5. Prior to summative assessments, teachers provide students with specific and measurable criteria for success, such as corresponding rubrics, which define targeted high levels of achievement.

Arter, Judy. Performance Criteria: Integrating Assessment and Instruction.  The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.24.

Black, Paul, and Dylan Wiliam. Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment. Phi Delta Kappan International, 1998. Retrieved from http://www.pdkintl.org/kappan/kbla9810.htm.

Erickson, Lynn H., Stirring the Head, Heart and Soul: Redefining Curriculum, Instruction, and Concept-Based Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Guskey, Thomas R.  Formative Classroom Assessment and Benjamin S. Bloom: Theory, Research, and Implications.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/content_
storage_01/0000019b/80/1b/c1/35.pdf
(12 pages).

Hersh, Richard.  Teaching to a Test Worth Teaching To.  College and Work Readiness Assessment. rhhersh@sbcglobal.net.

Leahy, Siobhan et al. Classroom Assessment Minute-by-Minute, Day-by-Day. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
nov05/vol63/num03/Classroom_Assessment@_Minute_by_Minute,_
Day_by_Day.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

National Association of Secondary School Principals. Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for Leading High School Reform. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals, 2004. To order online: http://www.principals.org.

National High School Alliance. A Call To Action: Transforming High School for All Youth. Washington DC: The Institute for Educational Leadership, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.hsalliance.org/_downloads/home/Call%20To%
20Action%202005/CalltoAction2005.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National High School Center. Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. National High School Center. June 2008. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.org/docs/NHSCEightElements
7-25-08.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Assessment, a Partnership for 21st Century Skills e-paper, 21st Century Skills, 2007. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/documents/21st_century_skills_
assessment.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Schmoker, Michael J. The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Stiggins, Richard J.  Are You Assessment Literate? The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.20.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann, and Cindy A. Strickland. Differentiation in Practice: A Resource Guide for Differentiating Curriculum, Grades 9–12. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed-Ability Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wagner, Tony.  Beyond Testing: The Seven Disciplines for Strengthening Instruction. School Change Consulting (first published in Education Week, 2003). Must register and login to download pdf file. Retrieved from http://www.schoolchange.org/articles/beyond_testing.html (accessed July 2009).

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Schooling by Design: Mission, Action, and Achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant.  Assessment as Feedback. New Horizons For Learning, March 2004. Retrieved from http://www.newhorizons.org.
http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/assess/
wiggins.htm
(accessed July 2009).

Wormeli, Rick. Differentiation: From Planning to Practice Grades 6–12. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers, 2007. To order onlin: http://www.stenhouse.com.

Wylie, E. Caroline. Formative Assessment: Examples of Practice. Council of Chief State School Officers, 2008. To download pdf file: http://www.ccsso.org/publications/index.cfm?init=1.

Zmuda, Allison, and Mary Tomaino.   A Contract for the High School Classroom.  Educational Leadership. March 1999 | Volume 56 | Number 6 . Pp59-61. To order on-line: http://www.docstoc.com/docs/18257516/A-CONTRACT-for-the-HIGH-SCHOOL-CLASSROOM (accessed July 2009).


6. In each unit of study, teachers employ a range of assessment strategies, including formative and summative assessments.

Alliance for Excellent Education. High School Teaching for the Twenty-First Century: Preparing Students for College, Issue Brief. Alliance for Excellent Education, September 2007.
Retrieved from http://www.all4ed.org/files/HSTeach21st.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Arter, Judy.  Performance Criteria: Integrating Assessment and Instruction. The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.24.

Black, Paul, and Dylan Wiliam.  Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment. Phi Delta Kappan International, 1998. Retrieved from http://www.pdkintl.org/kappan/kbla9810.htm.

Brookhart, Susan M. How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Brookhart, Susan, Connie Moss, and Beverly Long.  Formative Assessment That Empowers. Educational Leadership. November 2008 | Volume 66 | Number 3. To read abstract and buy article: http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/nov08/
vol66/num03/abstract.aspx#Formative_Assessment_That_
Empowers
(accessed July 2009).

Brooks, Jacqueline Grennon, and Martin G. Brooks. In Search of Understanding: The Case for ConstructIvist Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 1999. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Connell, James P., and Adena M. Klem.  First Things First: A Framework for Successful Secondary School Reform. New Directions for Youth Development. n111 p53-66 Fall 2006. To purchase online access to article: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/
113490754/issue
.

Danielson,Charlotte. Enhancing Professional Practice: A Framework for Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Dolejs, Chris. Report on Key Practices and Policies of Consistently Higher Performing High Schools. National High School Center at the American Institutes for Research, funded by the U.S. Department of Education, October 2006. Retrieved from
http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/ReportOfKey
PracticesandPolicies_10-31-06.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Education Trust. Gaining Traction, Gaining Ground: How Some High Schools Accelerate Learning for Struggling Students. The Education Trust, November 2005. Retrieved from http://www2.edtrust.org/NR/rdonlyres/6226B581-83C3-4447-
9CE7-31C5694B9EF6/0/GainingTractionGainingGround.pdf
(accessed July 2009)

Erickson, Lynn H., Stirring the Head, Heart and Soul: Redefining Curriculum, Instruction, and Concept-Based Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Goe, Laura, Courtney Bell, and Olivia Little. Approaches to Evaluate Teacher Effectiveness: A Research Synthesis. National Comprensive Center for Teacher Quality, June 2008. Retrieved from http://www.tqsource.org/publications/EvaluatingTeach
Effectiveness.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Guskey, Thomas R.  Formative Classroom Assessment and Benjamin S. Bloom: Theory, Research, and Implications. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1b/c1/35.pdf
(12 pages).

Guskey, Thomas R.  How Classroom Assessments Improve Learning. Educational Leadership. February 2003 | Volume 60 | Number 5. p6-11. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
feb03/vol60/num05/How_Classroom_Assessments_
Improve_Learning.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Hersh, Richard.  Teaching to a Test Worth Teaching To.  College and Work Readiness Assessment. rhhersh@sbcglobal.net.

Hunter-Geboy, Carol et al., ed. Susan Philipson Bloom. A Guide to the Family Advocate System. Institute for Research and Reform in Education. Institute for Research and Reform in Education. 2004. Retrieved from
http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/Family_Advocate_
System_Guide.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Institute for Research and Reform in Education. First Things First: A Framework for Successful School Reform. Prepared for the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, 2003. http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/white_paper_
may_2003.pdf
.

Jerald, Craig D.  Measured Progress: A Report on the High School Reform Movement.  Education Sector, March 2006. Retrieved from http://www.educationsector.org/usr_doc/
Measured_Progress.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Kusimo, Patricia et al. Making Assessment Work for Everyone. Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, 2000. Retrieved from http://www.sedl.org/pubs/tl05/
assessment-full.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Leahy, Siobhan et al. Classroom Assessment Minute-by-Minute, Day-by-Day. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
nov05/vol63/num03/Classroom_Assessment@_Minute_
by_Minute,_Day_by_Day.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Levy, Holli M.  Meeting the Needs of All Students through Differentiated Instruction: Helping Every Child Reach and Exceed Standards.  Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, v81 n4 p161-164 Mar-Apr 2008.

Marzano, Robert. Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Marzano, Robert. The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Instruction. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

National Association of Secondary School Principals. Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for Leading High School Reform. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals, 2004. To order online: http://www.principals.org.

National High School Alliance. A Call To Action: Transforming High School for All Youth. Washington DC: The Institute for Educational Leadership, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.hsalliance.org/_downloads/home/Call%20To%
20Action%202005/CalltoAction2005.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National High School Center. Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. National High School Center, July 2008. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/NHSCEight
Elements7-25-08.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National Staff Development Council.  Examining Evidence.  JSD: The Journal of the National Staff Development Council. Fall 2008. Vol 29, No 4. To order online: http://www.nsdc.org.

Oliver, Bruce.  Common Assessments: Uncommon Results.  Just for the Asking. Volume V Issue XI, November 2008.
Retrieved from https://www.lex5.k12.sc.us/webpages/tcosby/
files/commonassessment.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Map: Social Studies. Learning and Thinking Skills: Social Studies. 21st Century Skills, Aug. 2007. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/images/stories/
matrices/ICTmap_ss.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Assessment, a Partnership for 21st Century Skills e-paper, 21st Century Skills, 2007. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/documents/21st_
century_skills_assessment.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Map: English. 21 Century Skills, Nov. 2008. Retrieved from
http://www.p21.org/documents/21st_
century_skills_english_map.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Map: Social Studies. 21st Century Skills, Nov. 2008. Retrieved fromhttp://www.p21.org 

Popham, W. James. Transformative Assessment. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Rhodes, David et al. Getting to Results: Student Outcomes in New and Redesigned High Schools. Prepared by the National Evaluation of High School Transformation for the Bill & Malinda Gates Foundation, 2005. Retrieved from
http://www.gatesfoundation.org/learning/Documents/
Outcomes%20Rpt%2010_21.pdf
. (accessed July 2009).

Rutherford, Paula. Instruction for All Students. Alexandria, VA; Just ASK Publications, 2008. To order online: http://www.justaskpublications.com.

Schmoker, Michael J. The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Stiggins, Richard J.  Are You Assessment Literate?  The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.20.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann, and Cindy A. Strickland. Differentiation in Practice: A Resource Guide for Differentiating Curriculum, Grades 9–12. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann, Kay Brimijoin, and Lane Narvaez. The Differentiated School: Making Revolutionary Changes in Teaching and Learning. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed-Ability Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wagner, Tony, and Robert Kegan, et al. Change Leadership: A Practical Guide to Transforming our Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2006. To order online: http://www.schoolchange.org/books/.

Wagner, Tony.  Beyond Testing: The Seven Disciplines for Strengthening Instruction.  School Change Consulting (first published in Education Week, 2003). Must register and login to download pdf file.
Retrieved from http://www.schoolchange.org/articles/beyond_testing.html (accessed July 2009).

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant.  Assessment as Feedback.  New Horizons For Learning, March 2004. Retrieved from http://www.newhorizons.org.
http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/
assess/wiggins.htm
(accessed July 2009).

Wormeli, Rick. Differentiation: From Planning to Practice Grades 6–12. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers, 2007. To order onlin: http://www.stenhouse.com.

Wylie, E. Caroline. Formative Assessment: Examples of Practice. Council of Chief State School Officers, 2008. To download pdf file: http://www.ccsso.org/publications/
index.cfm?init=1
.

Zmuda, Allison, and Mary Tomaino.  A Contract for the High School Classroom.  Educational Leadership. March 1999 | Volume 56 | Number 6 . Pp59-61. To order on-line: http://www.docstoc.com/docs/18257516/A-CONTRACT-for-the-HIGH-SCHOOL-CLASSROOM (accessed July 2009).
 


7. Teachers collaborate regularly in formal ways on the creation, analysis, and revision of formative and summative assessments, including common assessments.

Black, Paul, and Dylan Wiliam.  Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment.  Phi Delta Kappan International, 1998. Retrieved from http://www.pdkintl.org/kappan/kbla9810.htm.

Brookhart, Susan M. How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Connell, James P., and Adena M. Klem.  First Things First: A Framework for Successful Secondary School Reform.  New Directions for Youth Development. n111 p53-66 Fall 2006. To purchase online access to article: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/
journal/113490754/issue
.

Council of Chief State School Officers. Educational Leadership Policy Standards: ISLLC 2008 As Adopted by the National Policy Board for Educational Administration. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers, 2008. Retrieved from
http://www.wallacefoundation.org/SiteCollection
Documents/WF/Knowledge%20Center/Attachments/
PDF/ISLLC%202008.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Danielson,Charlotte. Enhancing Professional Practice: A Framework for Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Dolejs, Chris. Report on Key Practices and Policies of Consistently Higher Performing High Schools. National High School Center at the American Institutes for Research, funded by the U.S. Department of Education, October 2006. Retrieved from
http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/ReportOf
KeyPracticesandPolicies_10-31-06.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Erickson, Lynn H., Stirring the Head, Heart and Soul: Redefining Curriculum, Instruction, and Concept-Based Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Graham, Beth I., and Kevin Fahey. School Leaders Look at Student Work.  Educational Leadership. March 1999 | Volume 56 | Number 6. pp 25-27. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
mar99/vol56/num06/School_Leaders_Look_at_Student_
Work.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Guskey, Thomas R.  Formative Classroom Assessment and Benjamin S. Bloom: Theory, Research, and Implications.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1b/c1/35.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Heritage, Margaret, Jinok Kim, Terry P. Vendlinski, and Joan L. Terry. From Evidence to Action: A Seamless Process in Formative Assessment? National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, August 2008 (CREST Report 74).

Huebner,Tracy A., and Grace Calisi Corbett. Rethinking High School: Preparing Students for Success in College, Career, and Life. West Ed for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.wested.org/online_pubs/gf-07-02.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Institute for Research and Reform in Education (IRRE). Mapping of First Things First components to the Gates Foundation Essential Components of Schools. IRRE, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/Mapping_FTF_
components_Gates_Foundation.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Kusimo, Patricia et al. Making Assessment Work for Everyone. Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, 2000. Retrieved from http://www.sedl.org/pubs/tl05/assessment-full.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Leahy, Siobhan et al. Classroom Assessment Minute-by-Minute, Day-by-Day. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005.http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_
leadership/nov05/vol63/num03/Classroom_Assessment
@_Minute_by_Minute,_Day_by_Day.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Loughridge, Mary E., and Loren R.Tarantino. Leading Effective Secondary School Reform: Your Guide to Strategies that Work. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2004. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Marzano, Robert. Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

National Association of Secondary School Principals. Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for Leading High School Reform. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals, 2004. To order online: http://www.principals.org.

National High School Alliance. A Call To Action: Transforming High School for All Youth. Washington DC: The Institute for Educational Leadership, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.hsalliance.org/_downloads/home/Call%20To%
20Action%202005/CalltoAction2005.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National Staff Development Council.  Examining Evidence.  JSD: The Journal of the National Staff Development Council. Fall 2008. Vol 29, No 4. To order online: http://www.nsdc.org.

Oliver, Bruce.  Common Assessments: Uncommon Results.  Just for the Asking. Volume V Issue XI, November 2008.
Retrieved from https://www.lex5.k12.sc.us/webpages/
tcosby/files/commonassessment.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Popham, W. James. Transformative Assessment. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Reeves, Douglas B. Reframing Teacher Leadership to Improve Your School. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Rutherford, Paula. Instruction for All Students. Alexandria, VA; Just ASK Publications, 2008. To order online: http://www.justaskpublications.com.

Schmoker, Michael J. The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Thiers, Naomi.  How Schools Improve.  Educational Leadership Study Guide. February 2005 | Volume 62 | Number 5. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
feb05/vol62/num05/How_Schools_Improve.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Wagner, Tony, and Robert Kegan, et al. Change Leadership: A Practical Guide to Transforming our Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2006. To order online: http://www.schoolchange.org/books/.

Wagner, Tony.  Beyond Testing: The Seven Disciplines for Strengthening Instruction.  School Change Consulting (first published in Education Week, 2003). Must register and login to download pdf file. Retrieved from http://www.schoolchange.org/articles/beyond_testing.html (accessed July 2009).

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant.  Assessment as Feedback.  New Horizons For Learning, March 2004. Retrieved from http://www.newhorizons.org.
http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/assess/wiggins.htm (accessed July 2009).

Wormeli, Rick. Differentiation: From Planning to Practice Grades 6–12. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers, 2007. To order onlin: http://www.stenhouse.com.

Zmuda, Allison, and Mary Tomaino.  A Contract for the High School Classroom.  Educational Leadership. March 1999 | Volume 56 | Number 6 . Pp59-61. To order on-line:
http://www.docstoc.com/docs/18257516/A-CONTRACT-for-the-HIGH-SCHOOL-CLASSROOM (accessed July 2009).

 

8. Teachers provide specific, timely, and corrective feedback to ensure students revise and improve their work.

Alliance for Excellent Education. High School Teaching for the Twenty-First Century: Preparing Students for College, Issue Brief. Alliance for Excellent Education, September 2007.Retrieved from http://www.all4ed.org/files/HSTeach21st.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Arter, Judy.  Performance Criteria: Integrating Assessment and Instruction.  The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.24.

Black, Paul, and Dylan Wiliam.  Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment.  Phi Delta Kappan International, 1998. Retrieved from http://www.pdkintl.org/kappan/kbla9810.htm.

Brookhart, Susan M. How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Brookhart, Susan, Connie Moss, and Beverly Long.  Formative Assessment That Empowers. Educational Leadership. November 2008 | Volume 66 | Number 3. To read abstract and buy article: http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
nov08/vol66/num03/abstract.aspx#Formative_Assessment_
That_Empowers
(accessed July 2009).

Brooks, Jacqueline Grennon, and Martin G. Brooks. In Search of Understanding: The Case for ConstructIvist Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 1999. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Burris, Carol Corbett, Ed Wiley, Kevin Welner, and John Murphy.  Accountability, Rigor, and Detracking: Achievement Effects of Embracing a Challenging Curriculum as a Universal Good for All Students. Teachers College Record. Vol. 110, #3, p. 571-607, March 2008. To order online: http://www.tcrecord.org/Content.asp?ContentID=
14614
. Member login required.

Conley, David T., College Knowledge: What It Really Takes for Students to Succeed and What We Can Do to Get Them Ready. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2008. To order online: http://www.josseybass.com.

Danielson,Charlotte. Enhancing Professional Practice: A Framework for Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Dolejs, Chris. Report on Key Practices and Policies of Consistently Higher Performing High Schools. National High School Center at the American Institutes for Research, funded by the U.S. Department of Education, October 2006. Retrieved from
http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/ReportOf
KeyPracticesandPolicies_10-31-06.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Erickson, Lynn H., Stirring the Head, Heart and Soul: Redefining Curriculum, Instruction, and Concept-Based Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Guskey, Thomas R.  Formative Classroom Assessment and Benjamin S. Bloom: Theory, Research, and Implications.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1b/c1/35.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Hersh, Richard.  Teaching to a Test Worth Teaching To.  College and Work Readiness Assessment. rhhersh@sbcglobal.net.

Huebner,Tracy A., and Grace Calisi Corbett. Rethinking High School: Preparing Students for Success in College, Career, and Life. West Ed for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2004. Retrieved from
http://www.wested.org/online_pubs/gf-07-02.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Leahy, Siobhan et al. Classroom Assessment Minute-by-Minute, Day-by-Day. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005.http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_
leadership/nov05/vol63/num03/Classroom_Assessment
@_Minute_by_Minute,_Day_by_Day.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Marzano, Robert J., Debra J. Pickering, and Jane E. Pollock. Classroom Instruction That Works: Research-Based Strategies for Increasing Student Achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Marzano, Robert. Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Marzano, Robert. The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Instruction. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

National Association of Secondary School Principals. Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for Leading High School Reform. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals, 2004. To order online: http://www.principals.org.

National High School Center. Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. National High School Center, July 2008. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/NHSC
EightElements7-25-08.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National High School Center. Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. National High School Center. June 2008. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.org/docs/NHSC
EightElements7-25-08.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Oliver, Bruce.  Common Assessments: Uncommon Results. Just for the Asking. Volume V Issue XI, November 2008.
Retrieved from https://www.lex5.k12.sc.us/webpages/
tcosby/files/commonassessment.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Popham, W. James. Transformative Assessment. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Rutherford, Paula. Instruction for All Students. Alexandria, VA; Just ASK Publications, 2008. To order online: http://www.justaskpublications.com.

Schmoker, Michael J. The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann, and Cindy A. Strickland. Differentiation in Practice: A Resource Guide for Differentiating Curriculum, Grades 9–12. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. Fulfilling the Promise of the Differentiated Classroom: Strategies and Tools for Rresponsive Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2003. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed-Ability Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Schooling by Design: Mission, Action, and Achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant.  Assessment as Feedback.  New Horizons For Learning, March 2004. Retrieved from http://www.newhorizons.org.
http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/assess/
wiggins.html
(accessed July 2009).

Wormeli, Rick. Differentiation: From Planning to Practice Grades 6–12. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers, 2007. To order onlin: http://www.stenhouse.com.

Wylie, E. Caroline. Formative Assessment: Examples of Practice. Council of Chief State School Officers, 2008. To download pdf file: http://www.ccsso.org/publications/
index.cfm?init=1
.

Zmuda, Allison.  Springing into Active Learning.  Educational Leadership. November 2008 | Volume 66 | Number 3. pp 38-42. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
nov08/vol66/num03/Springing_into_Active_Learning.aspx
(accessed July 2009).
 


9. Teachers regularly use formative assessment to inform and adapt their instruction for the purpose of improving student learning.

Arter, Judy.  Performance Criteria: Integrating Assessment and Instruction.  The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.24.

Black, Paul, and Dylan Wiliam.  Inside the Black Box: Raising Standards Through Classroom Assessment.  Phi Delta Kappan International, 1998. Retrieved from http://www.pdkintl.org/kappan/kbla9810.htm.

Brookhart, Susan M. How to Give Effective Feedback to Your Students. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Brookhart, Susan, Connie Moss, and Beverly Long.  Formative Assessment That Empowers.  Educational Leadership. November 2008 | Volume 66 | Number 3. To read abstract and buy article: http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/\nov08/vol66/num03/abstract.aspx#Formative_Assessment
_That_Empowers
(accessed July 2009).

Brooks, Jacqueline Grennon, and Martin G. Brooks. In Search of Understanding: The Case for ConstructIvist Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 1999. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Danielson,Charlotte. Enhancing Professional Practice: A Framework for Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Dolejs, Chris. Report on Key Practices and Policies of Consistently Higher Performing High Schools. National High School Center at the American Institutes for Research, funded by the U.S. Department of Education, October 2006. Retrieved from
http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/ReportOf
KeyPracticesandPolicies_10-31-06.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Education Trust. Gaining Traction, Gaining Ground: How Some High Schools Accelerate Learning for Struggling Students. The Education Trust, November 2005. Retrieved from http://www2.edtrust.org/NR/rdonlyres/6226B581-83C3-
4447-9CE7-31C5694B9EF6/0/GainingTractionGaining
Ground.pdf
(accessed July 2009)

Erickson, Lynn H., Stirring the Head, Heart and Soul: Redefining Curriculum, Instruction, and Concept-Based Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Goe, Laura, Courtney Bell, and Olivia Little. Approaches to Evaluate Teacher Effectiveness: A Research Synthesis. National Comprensive Center for Teacher Quality, June 2008. Retrieved from http://www.tqsource.org/publications/Evaluating
TeachEffectiveness.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Guskey, Thomas R.  Formative Classroom Assessment and Benjamin S. Bloom: Theory, Research, and Implications.  Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICDocs/data/ericdocs2sql/
content_storage_01/0000019b/80/1b/c1/35.pdf
(12 pages).

Guskey, Thomas R.  How Classroom Assessments Improve Learning.  Educational Leadership. February 2003 | Volume 60 | Number 5. p6-11. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
feb03/vol60/num05/How_Classroom_Assessments_
Improve_Learning.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Heritage, Margaret, Jinok Kim, Terry P. Vendlinski, and Joan L. Terry. From Evidence to Action: A Seamless Process in Formative Assessment? National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing, August 2008 (CREST Report 74).

Hersh, Richard.  Teaching to a Test Worth Teaching To.  College and Work Readiness Assessment. rhhersh@sbcglobal.net.

Huebner,Tracy A., and Grace Calisi Corbett. Rethinking High School: Preparing Students for Success in College, Career, and Life. West Ed for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.wested.org/online_pubs/gf-07-02.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Hunter-Geboy, Carol et al., ed. Susan Philipson Bloom. A Guide to the Family Advocate System. Institute for Research and Reform in Education. Institute for Research and Reform in Education. 2004. Retrieved from http://www.irre.org/publications/
pdfs/Family_Advocate_System_Guide.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Kusimo, Patricia et al. Making Assessment Work for Everyone.  Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, 2000. Retrieved from http://www.sedl.org/pubs/tl05/
assessment-full.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Leahy, Siobhan et al. Classroom Assessment Minute-by-Minute, Day-by-Day. Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
nov05/vol63/num03/Classroom_Assessment@_Minute_
by_Minute,_Day_by_Day.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Marzano, Robert. Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Marzano, Robert. The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Instruction. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

National Association of Secondary School Principals. Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for Leading High School Reform. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals, 2004. To order online: http://www.principals.org.

National High School Alliance. A Call To Action: Transforming High School for All Youth. Washington DC: The Institute for Educational Leadership, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.hsalliance.org/_downloads/home/Call%
20To%20Action%202005/CalltoAction2005.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National High School Center. Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. National High School Center, July 2008. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/NHSC
EightElements7-25-08.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Oliver, Bruce.  Common Assessments: Uncommon Results. Just for the Asking. Volume V Issue XI, November 2008.
Retrieved from https://www.lex5.k12.sc.us/webpages/
tcosby/files/commonassessment.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Popham, W. James. Transformative Assessment. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Reeves, Douglas B. Reframing Teacher Leadership to Improve Your School. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Schmoker, Michael J. The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Stiggins, Richard J.  Are You Assessment Literate?  The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.20.
Thiers, Naomi.  How Schools Improve.  Educational Leadership Study Guide. February 2005 | Volume 62 | Number 5. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_
leadership/feb05/vol62/num05/How_Schools_Improve.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Tomlinson, Carol Ann, and Cindy A. Strickland. Differentiation in Practice: A Resource Guide for Differentiating Curriculum, Grades 9–12. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. Fulfilling the Promise of the Differentiated Classroom: Strategies and Tools for Rresponsive Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2003. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed-Ability Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wagner, Tony, and Robert Kegan, et al. Change Leadership: A Practical Guide to Transforming our Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2006. To order online:http://www.schoolchange.org/books/.

Wagner, Tony.  Beyond Testing: The Seven Disciplines for Strengthening Instruction.  School Change Consulting (first published in Education Week, 2003). Must register and login to download pdf file. Retrieved from http://www.schoolchange.org/articles/beyond_testing.html (accessed July 2009).

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Schooling by Design: Mission, Action, and Achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant.  Assessment as Feedback.  New Horizons For Learning, March 2004. Retrieved from http://www.newhorizons.org.
http://www.newhorizons.org/strategies/assess/
wiggins.htm
(accessed July 2009).

Wormeli, Rick. Differentiation: From Planning to Practice Grades 6–12. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers, 2007. To order onlin: http://www.stenhouse.com.

Wylie, E. Caroline. Formative Assessment: Examples of Practice. Council of Chief State School Officers, 2008. To download pdf file: http://www.ccsso.org/publications/
index.cfm?init=1
.
 

10. Teachers and administrators, individually and collaboratively, examine a range of evidence of student learning for the purpose of revising curriculum and improving instructional practice, including all of the following:

• student work
• common course and common grade-level assessments
• individual and school-wide progress in achieving the school’s
  21st century learning expectations
• standardized assessments
• data from sending schools, receiving schools, and
  post-secondary institutions
• survey data from current students and alumni

 

Alliance for Excellent Education. High School Teaching for the Twenty-First Century: Preparing Students for College, Issue Brief. Alliance for Excellent Education, September 2007. Retrieved from http://www.all4ed.org/files/HSTeach21st.pdf (accessed July 2009).

Archbald, Doug, and Julia Keleher.  Measuring Conditions and Consequences of Tracking in the High School Curriculum.  American Secondary Education, v36 n2 p26-42 Spr 2008. To subscribe to the printed journal online: http://www.ashland.edu/academics/
education/ase/
.

Arter, Judy.  Performance Criteria: Integrating Assessment and Instruction.  The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.24.

Aseltine, James M., Judith O. Faryniarz, and Anthony J. Rigazio-DiGilio. Supervision for Learning. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2006. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Brookhart, Susan, Connie Moss, and Beverly Long.  Formative Assessment That Empowers. Educational Leadership. November 2008 | Volume 66 | Number 3. To read abstract and buy article: http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
nov08/vol66/num03/abstract.aspx#Formative_Assessment
_That_Empowers
(accessed July 2009).

Burris, Carol Corbett, Ed Wiley, Kevin Welner, and John Murphy.  Accountability, Rigor, and Detracking: Achievement Effects of Embracing a Challenging Curriculum as a Universal Good for All Students. Teachers College Record. Vol. 110, #3, p. 571-607, March 2008. To order online: http://www.tcrecord.org/Content.asp?ContentID=
14614
. Member login required.

Cheng Wing-Yi, Rebecca Shui-Fong Lam, and Joanne Chung-Yan Chan. When High Achievers and Low Achievers Work in the Same Group: The Roles of Group Heterogeneity and Processes in Project-Based Learning. British Journal of Educational Psychology. v78 n2 p205-221 Jun 2008. To retrieved article online: http://www.bpsjournals.co.uk/
journals/bjep/
(Freely available to subsribers; nonsubscribers may purchase.)

Council of Chief State School Officers. Educational Leadership Policy Standards: ISLLC 2008 As Adopted by the National Policy Board for Educational Administration. Washington, DC: Council of Chief State School Officers, 2008. Retrieved from
http://www.wallacefoundation.org/SiteCollection
Documents/WF/Knowledge%20Center/Attachments/
PDF/ISLLC%202008.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Danielson,Charlotte. Enhancing Professional Practice: A Framework for Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Education Trust. Gaining Traction, Gaining Ground: How Some High Schools Accelerate Learning for Struggling Students. The Education Trust, November 2005. Retrieved from http://www2.edtrust.org/NR/rdonlyres/6226B581-83C3-
4447-9CE7-31C5694B9EF6/0/GainingTractionGaining
Ground.pdf
(accessed July 2009)

Erickson, Lynn H., Stirring the Head, Heart and Soul: Redefining Curriculum, Instruction, and Concept-Based Learning. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Garet, Michael S. et al. Designing Effective Professional Development: Lessons from the Eisenhower Program. American Institutes for Research for the U.S. Department of Education, October 1999. To order online: http://www.ed.gov/pubs/edpubs.html. http://www.ed.gov/inits/teachers/eisenhower/design
lessons.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Goe, Laura, Courtney Bell, and Olivia Little. Approaches to Evaluate Teacher Effectiveness: A Research Synthesis. National Comprensive Center for Teacher Quality, June 2008. Retrieved from  http://www.tqsource.org/publications/
EvaluatingTeachEffectiveness.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Graham, Beth I., and Kevin Fahey. School Leaders Look at Student Work.  Educational Leadership. March 1999 | Volume 56 | Number 6. pp 25-27. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
mar99/vol56/num06/School_Leaders_Look_at_Student_
Work.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Guskey, Thomas R.  How Classroom Assessments Improve Learning.  Educational Leadership. February 2003 | Volume 60 | Number 5. p6-11. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_leadership/
feb03/vol60/num05/How_Classroom_Assessments_
Improve_Learning.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Hersh, Richard.  Teaching to a Test Worth Teaching To. College and Work Readiness Assessment. rhhersh@sbcglobal.net.

Huebner,Tracy A., and Grace Calisi Corbett. Rethinking High School: Preparing Students for Success in College, Career, and Life. West Ed for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.wested.org/online_pubs/
gf-07-02.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Hunter-Geboy, Carol et al., ed. Susan Philipson Bloom. A Guide to the Family Advocate System. Institute for Research and Reform in Education. Institute for Research and Reform in Education. 2004. Retrieved from http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/
Family_Advocate_System_Guide.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Institute for Research and Reform in Education (IRRE). Mapping of First Things First components to the Gates Foundation Essential Components of Schools. IRRE, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/Mapping_
FTF_components_Gates_Foundation.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Institute for Research and Reform in Education. First Things First: A Framework for Successful School Reform. Prepared for the Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation, 2003. http://www.irre.org/publications/pdfs/white_
paper_may_2003.pdf
.

Jerald, Craig D.  Measured Progress: A Report on the High School Reform Movement.  Education Sector, March 2006. Retrieved from http://www.educationsector.org/usr_doc/Measured_
Progress.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Kusimo, Patricia et al. Making Assessment Work for Everyone. Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, 2000. Retrieved from http://www.sedl.org/pubs/tl05/
assessment-full.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Loughridge, Mary E., and Loren R.Tarantino. Leading Effective Secondary School Reform: Your Guide to Strategies that Work. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2004. To order online: http://www.corwinpress.com.

Marzano, Robert. Classroom Assessment and Grading That Work. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

McDonald, S., J. Andal, K. Brown, and B. Schneider. Getting the evidence for evidence-based initiatives: how the Midwest states use data systems to improve education processes and outcomes (Issues & Answers Report, REL 2007-No. 016). Washington, DC: Department of Education, Institute of Eduation Sciences, National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, Regional Education Laboratory Midwest, June, 2007.  Retrieved from http://ies.ed.gov/ncee/edlabs. (accessed July 2009)

National Association of Secondary School Principals. Breaking Ranks II: Strategies for Leading High School Reform. Reston, VA: National Association of Secondary School Principals, 2004. To order online: http://www.principals.org.

National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality. How Highly Effective Leaders Support Teachers. National Comprehensive Center for Teacher Quality with funds from the U.S. Department of Education. March, 2008. Retrieved from
http://www2.tqsource.org/strategies/het/HighlyEffectiveLeaders.pdf (accessed July 2009).

National High School Alliance. A Call To Action: Transforming High School for All Youth. Washington DC: The Institute for Educational Leadership, April 2005. Retrieved from http://www.hsalliance.org/_downloads/home/Call%
20To%20Action%202005/CalltoAction2005.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National High School Center. Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. National High School Center, July 2008. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.com/docs/NHSC
EightElements7-25-08.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National High School Center. Eight Elements of High School Improvement: A Mapping Framework. National High School Center. June 2008. Retrieved from http://www.betterhighschools.org/docs/NHSC
EightElements7-25-08.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

National Staff Development Council.  Examining Evidence.  JSD: The Journal of the National Staff Development Council. Fall 2008. Vol 29, No 4. To order online: http://www.nsdc.org.

Oliver, Bruce.  Common Assessments: Uncommon Results.  Just for the Asking. Volume V Issue XI, November 2008.
Retrieved from https://www.lex5.k12.sc.us/webpages/tcosby/
files/commonassessment.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Map: Social Studies. Learning and Thinking Skills: Social Studies. 21st Century Skills, Aug. 2007. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org/images/stories/
matrices/ICTmap_ss.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Map: English. 21 Century Skills, Nov. 2008. Retrieved from
http://www.p21.org/documents/
21st_century_skills_english_map.pdf
(accessed July 2009).

Partnership for 21st Century Skills. 21st Century Skills Map: Social Studies. 21st Century Skills, Nov. 2008. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org

Reeves, Douglas B. Reframing Teacher Leadership to Improve Your School. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2008. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Rhodes, David et al. Getting to Results: Student Outcomes in New and Redesigned High Schools. Prepared by the National Evaluation of High School Transformation for the Bill & Malinda Gates Foundation, 2005. Retrieved from
http://www.gatesfoundation.org/learning/Documents/
Outcomes%20Rpt%2010_21.pdf
. (accessed July 2009).

Rutherford, Paula. Instruction for All Students. Alexandria, VA; Just ASK Publications, 2008. To order online: http://www.justaskpublications.com.

Rutherford, Paula. Leading the Learning: A Field Guide for Supervision and Evaluation. Alexandria, VA: Just ASK Publications, 2005. To order online: http://www.justaskpublications.com.

Schmoker, Michael J. The Results Fieldbook: Practical Strategies from Dramatically Improved Schools. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Stiggins, Richard J.  Are You Assessment Literate?  The High School Magazine, March 1999, p.20.

Thiers, Naomi.  How Schools Improve.  Educational Leadership Study Guide. February 2005 | Volume 62 | Number 5. Retrieved from http://www.ascd.org/publications/educational_
leadership/feb05/vol62/num05/How_Schools_
Improve.aspx
(accessed July 2009).

Tomlinson, Carol Ann, and Cindy A. Strickland. Differentiation in Practice: A Resource Guide for Differentiating Curriculum, Grades 9–12. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. Fulfilling the Promise of the Differentiated Classroom: Strategies and Tools for Responsive Teaching. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2003. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Tomlinson, Carol Ann. How to Differentiate Instruction in Mixed-Ability Classrooms. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2001. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wagner, Tony, and Robert Kegan, et al. Change Leadership: A Practical Guide to Transforming our Schools. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2006. To order online: http://www.schoolchange.org/books/.

Wagner, Tony.  Beyond Testing: The Seven Disciplines for Strengthening Instruction.  School Change Consulting (first published in Education Week, 2003). Must register and login to download pdf file. Retrieved from http://www.schoolchange.org/articles/beyond_testing.html (accessed July 2009).

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Schooling by Design: Mission, Action, and Achievement. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2007. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.

Wiggins, Grant, and Jay McTighe. Understanding by Design. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD), 2005. To order online: http://www.ascd.org.



11. Grading and reporting practices are regularly reviewed and revised to ensure alignment with the school’s core values and beliefs about learning.